Gestational Diabetes

Gestational Diabetes is scientifically known as Gestation Diabetic Mellitus (GDM). It is described as glucose intolerance initial discovered while pregnant. Any pregnant woman can produce Gestational Diabetes, yet if an individual possess a genealogy of diabetes mellitus type 2, in addition to three decades old, you might be an Native American , or African-American Hispanic, […]
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Diabetes Symptoms

Sometimes, the observable symptoms of diabetes could be hard to distinguish because most of the common symptoms might not be evident in all cases plus they can appear and after that disappear again. Additionally, a number of the symptoms may also result from other health conditions which makes it more puzzling.
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Urine Glucose

A qualitative glucose test is part of routine urinalysis. This screening test for the presence of glucose within the urine may indicate the likelihood of diabetes mellitus or other causes of glucose intolerance (see Glucose, p. 969). This diagnosis must be confirmed by other tests (e.g., fasting glucose, glucose tolerance, glycosylated hemoglobin). Urine glucose tests […]
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Glucagon Levels

Glucagon is a hormone secreted by the alpha cells of the pancreatic islets of Langerhans. Glucagon is secreted in response to hypoglycemia and increases the blood glucose by breaking down glycogen to glucose in the liver. It also increases glucose in other tissues by inhibiting passage of glucose into cells and by encouraging efflux of […]
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C-Peptide Levels

C-peptide (connecting peptide) is a protein that connects the beta and alpha chains of proinsulin. In the beta cells of the islet of Langerhans of the pancreas, the chains of proinsulin are separated during the conversion of proinsulin to insulin and C-peptide. C-peptide is released into the portal vein in nearly equal amounts. Because it […]
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Glucose Tolerance

The National Diabetes Data Group (NDDG) has defined criteria sufficient for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. These include any one the following: Sufficient clinical symptoms (polydipsia, polyuria, ketonuria, weight loss) plus random blood glucose >200 mg/dL. Elevated FBG >126 mg/dL on more than one occasion. A 2-hour blood glucose >200 mg/dL during oral GT testing.
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Diabetes Mellitus Autoantibody Panel

Type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) is insulin-dependent diabetes (IDDM). It is now becoming increasingly recognized that this disease is an “organ specific” form of autoimmune disease that results in destruction of the pancreatic islet cells and their products. These antibodies are used to differentiate type 1 DM from type 2 non-insulin-dependent DM. Nearly 90% of […]
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