Acid Phosphatase

Acid Phosphatase is normally found in many tissues, including liver, red blood cells, bone marrow, and platelets. The highest levels are found in the prostate gland—the Prostatic Acid Phosphatase (PAP) isoenzyme. Usually (but not always) elevated levels are seen in patients with prostatic cancer that has metastasized beyond the capsule to other parts of the […]
Continue reading…

 

Prostate-Specific Antigen

Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) is a glycoprotein found in high concentrations in the prostatic lumen. Significant barriers such as prostate glandular tissue and vascular structure are interposed between the prostatic lumen and the bloodstream. These protective barriers can be broached when disease such as cancer, infection, and benign hypertrophy exists. PSA can be detected in all […]
Continue reading…