Despite the method you chose to treat it, you first need to know that Cystic Acne occurs when the dead skin cells, sebum or oil on the skin get stuck deeply within the hair follicles.
Oily skin may serve as a reason too. People with oily skin are at risk but not everybody will get this kind of acne. Also, dirt deposits over oily skin more easily providing the bacteria an easy way to grow over skin.
The bacteria on skin (P.acnes) also play a role when it comes to development of Cystic Acne. P. acnes, or Propionibacterium acnes, is a relatively slow growing bacterium which is linked to the occurrence of Cystic Acne and eye inflammation conditions as well. However, P.acnes is a commensal. Commensals are organisms that are naturally present over our skin and cause no harm to it. They instead benefit our skin by helping to break down the senescent skin cells.
Cystic Acne is inflammatory in nature and inflammation does not only cause damage to the skin but in the end leaves scars. Scaring is the worst thing that cystic acne can do to your face. The body considers scar formation as a step in the process of repair from the inflammation that starts over the affected area.
Cystic acne tends to form and release its contents into the second layer (deeper layer) of skin, spilling all the contents into it and blocking the oily secretions produced by the skin to reach the outer surface. This also causes swelling over the affected area and leading to damage and scarring that is skin deep and difficult to get rid of, it is therefore essential to quickly and effectively treat this form of deep Cystic Acne using any of the Cystic Acne Treatment methods we spoke about here.
Who’s prone to cystic acne?
Almost every one; but it more commonly affects males in their teenage and their early years of adulthood. It might be something that runs in the family.
Cystic acne appears at the time of adolescence; especially in males. The reason is the presence of male hormones called androgens. Androgens cause acne.
In females, acne mostly develops during the premenstrual time. This acne is also known as PMS acne. Research has not given any conclusive results but it highlights that size of the duct of sebaceous glands increase in size through days 22 to 28, causing acne. Sebaceous glands secrete oil on the surface of the skin. Their basic purpose is to lock the moisture in skin. Excessive secretion of oil, however can cause blockage of pores and result in acne. Females also get Cystic Acne during their menstrual phases due to changes in hormonal levels.
Cystic acne may also arise in pregnant women owing to their increase androgen levels that serve as stimulatory signals for sebaceous glands. The excessive sebum mixes with the dead skin cells and causes the bacterial activity in skin to increase. These, altogether, clog the skin pores which are already active and producing new sebum; resulting in formation of a little bump over skin which may be called a cyst.
Acne with or without Cyst
Cystic acne is characterized by presence of “cysts” on those regions of the body that are rich in oil glands. These regions include: face, buttocks, back, groin and armpits.
The Cysts that manifest in Cystic Acne are soft in consistency; they are fluid filled and covered by a membrane.
In some people, instead of Cystic Acne, nodulocystic acne is developed. Nodules, like cysts are painful. Nodules are larger and much harder in consistency than cysts. Also, Nodules take longer time to heal. For people who have nodules without cysts, the term “nodular acne” is used.
How to avoid Cystic Acne?
As mentioned earlier, the main constituents of a cyst include, sebum or oil, bacteria and senescent skin cells; anything revolving around these constituents when goes wrong, results in breakouts of cystic acne. By this I mean if someone has an oily skin, which means excess oil secretion, the person will be at risk of getting cystic acne; or if a person does not take proper care of skin and ends up with loads of bacteria and dead skin cells on face, cystic acne will ultimately form.
Some experts say that diet does not play a role in causing break outs; while others believe that diet may aggravate the condition. Please refer to the How to get rid of Cystic Acne article published here to learn more about habits that you need to avoid or change in order to avoid having Cystic Acne