Cystic Acne Treatment

Cystic acne treatment involves  application of medical procedures for the removal of acne and the scars it causes over the skin that are too resistant to disappear with the usage of normal topical creams and other methods I spoke about previously  as Home Remedies for Cystic Acne and Cystic Acne Cure. Cystic Acne is a severe skin condition and it may take long time to heal. You may also find yourself changing your habits to get rid of Cystic Acne. Cystic Acne on Chin is also a great bothersome and you may find yourself very frustrated that the method you are using to treat you cystic acne is not giving your instant results. Please be patient and take your time with the method you are using as long as it doesn’t show any side effects before even thinking about any of the Cystic Acne Treatments I’m going to demonstrate here.

Before Deciding on a Cystic Acne Treatment

Cystic acne treatment is recommended for people, who have a harsh skin that is unresponsive to initial treatments that revolve around the use of home remedies and prescription medicines.

Cystic acne treatment, laser treatment for example, is a heavy treatment that you should consider as your last option and should only give it a try when the normal therapies end on your skin in vain.

With extensive researches, following treatments have come to settle in as cystic acne treatments; these treatments have become popular owing to their properties of leaving back fewer side effects and more efficacy.

–          Laser and light therapy:  this therapy involves using laser light over the skin. These therapies are effective because they reach the deeper layers of skin; also, they cause no harm to the skin surface.

Laser treatment works by destroying the sebaceous glands. Sebaceous glands are the oil producing glands on the skin. By destruction of oil glands, less oil is produced reducing the acne on face.

Light therapy on the other hand targets bacteria; the bacteria also play a very essential role in formation of cystic acne, so the less the bacteria, the less the acne.

An additional benefit these treatments provide is that they cause the reduction of acne scars on face.

Some therapies like blue light therapy, infrared lights and photoneumatic therapies are available but they have not been too promising to be used as cystic acne treatments.

The laser and light therapies also reduce inflammation. Some lasers like pulsed dye lasers have been used for treatment of acne scars with satisfactory results.

Other techniques like intense pulsed light (IPL) and radiofrequency devices have also been used as cystic acne treatments. However, These last two treatments may not be very effective when used for non-inflammatory acnes (which include formation of comedones- aka blackheads and whiteheads).

Intense pulsed light or IPL prevents breakouts. The porphyrins present in skin absorb the IPL and kill P.acnes   (the bacterium involved in producing cystic acne). Porphyrins are naturally occurring compounds that work as biological pigments; porphyrins are also synthesized and stored by P.acnes.

IPL (involving visible red, green or blue light) excites porphyrins formed by these bacteria. The photochemical interactions of porphyrins destroy bacterial cell membrane and kill them.

Radiofrequency devices involve heating the skin and causing formation of new skin. Scars may be reduced but several sessions may be required for good results.

The pulsed dye laser causes increased collagen production and skin remodeling. It works by increasing formation of TGF-beta (transforming growth factor beta) which is a growth factor that stimulates the formation of collagen and inhibits inflammation. Pulse dye laser is a non ablative treatment. A non ablative treatment is one where no body tissues removal is involved.

Though successful, laser treatments bring their own side effects which include bruising, skin redness and swelling etc. these side effects may resolve in some people but be serious in others. Therefore it is important to have a word with your medical practitioner before you get started with these treatments.

Laser and light therapies may be used in conjunction with other treatments rather than being used alone.

–         When looking for Cystic Acne Treatment, one shouldn’t forget the photodynamic therapy (PDT). Photodynamic Therapy gives promising results. PDT treatment involves exposure to light sensitive compounds. PDT has been used effectively to kill bacteria, fungi and viruses and in treating cystic acne. PDT causes the oil glands to shrink and reduces sebum production. Less bacteria and sebum will definitely reduce the acne breakouts.

–         Cosmetic procedures such as microdermabrasion and chemicals peels are great for controlling cystic acne and are widely used as cystic acne treatment. These procedures reduce fine lines and damage caused by ultra violet rays from sun.

Chemical peels like AHA and BHA peels (alpha- and beta- hydroxyl peels) are strong peels used as cystic acne treatments. The peels have produced good results. BHA peels are better than AHA peels generally because they reach deeper in skin than AHA peels do.

Microdermabrasion involves exfoliation. Exfoliation means removing the dead cell layer of skin. Professional microdermabrasion is better than commercial microdermabrasion. Commercial microdermabrasion kits work on your skin and make them feel soft and smooth which sounds like good results, however, they don’t work too deep enough into your skin to give the perfect results.
Professional microdermabrasion is a good choice because this facial procedure exfoliates the skin deeply and the results are comparatively better. Professional microdermabrasion is a strong treatment and works to reduce wrinkles and scars and also, hyperpigmentation by evening the skin tone. Several sessions of microdermabrasion with a gap of 1 month for successive treatments will reduce or, in some people, make the acne disappear.

Microdermabrasion may leave skin a little red for a day or two and cause some breakouts but your skin will do just fine after few days. Since microdermabrasion causes deep exfoliation, it is important to wear sunscreen for skin protection when going outside.

In microdermabrasion, crystals are introduced over skin which scrapes off the skin. A vacuum tube later removes the crystals and skin cells. There is no skin damage since only superficial layers are removed.

–         Dermabrasion is another popular cystic acne treatment. Different from microdermabrasion, this procedure involves the removal of superficial layer of skin with a rotating brush. This procedure is quite painful and painkillers are prescribed for using it. This procedure may cause pigmentation problems in some people. Since this treatment also removes skin cells, it is important to wear sunscreen before going outdoors to protect the skin from any damage. Scars may be less visible after this treatment.

–         Skin surgery may be considered as another cystic acne treatment. In skin surgeries, scars are removed and grafts of skin from the same person’s body, from a different location are incorporated to cover the gap left by the scar.

With benefits, there are side effects of these treatments too; these include: bruising (which resolves in less than 10 days), hyperpigmentation problems (in dark skinned patients) and sun damage.

These cystic acne treatments may not be suitable for every individual, and as mentioned should be saved as the last option for treatment; it is important and good to speak to your doctor before getting these treatments since they have an idea about your particular skin.